67 Simple Water Pollution Solutions

Massive water, air and soil pollution.
Water scarcity is the world’s biggest problem.

The primary reason for water scarcity is poverty, industrial, vehicle, and household release of wastewater. We can adapt to the following solutions to completely get rid away from water pollution.

Avoid dumping garbage and waste materials in the rivers and oceans.

Maintaining the proper hygiene standards to self and among other peers helps to avoid water dearth.

Drain the black water to the wastewater treatment plant.

Use electric vehicles to prevent the release of carbon dioxide in the air.

Attend climate change and drought control conferences and events to make one self-knowledgeable and others as well.

Do not through hospital used items like syringes in open ground.

Do not cut trees that are more than ten years old as they help to hold water on grounds.

Identify all the leakages and fix them permanently instead of temporary patches.

Follow emission standards to maintain clean air.

Avoid throwing leftover food items into kitchen basin and outside buildings.

Regularly check sewage tank for maintenance as they get chock up due to undissolved waste.

Use flood gates during flooding, avoid traveling and outdoor activities during raining.

Take the required amount of water when roaming outdoors and do not throw away leftover water.

Avoid bathing outside near river or lake edges instead use water buckets for bathing.

Avoid big fat parties to ensure water is available in the required amount for other people living in town.

Clean the city’s underground water tank and tower tanks.

Do not directly release industrial wastewater into the river; instead, build the sewage lines to route industrial wastewater into sewage treatment plants.

Learn different ways to converse water and build water harvesting rooftops.

Avoid the overuse of fertilizers and chemicals for plants.

Systematically decompose Animal dead bodies and avoid contacting them with water.

Do not wash utensils and cloths in the open water of rivers and lakes.

Manage industrial development at a steady rate to avoid the overproduction of raw products and material so that water consumed in adequate quantities, and water doesn’t spill much.

Daily track and monitor of water prices.

Invent new technologies to filter water with minimum loss and wastage.

Form new policies to foster employment across the weak economic region to fight poverty and reduce the extinction of slum areas.

Improve in standards of day to day work activities like adapting to the use of bicycles instead of motors.

Early detection of aquifer and water table collapse to make sure aquifer water doesn’t contaminate with other underground chemicals

Awareness of birth control and access to contraceptive medicines

Equal rights and freedom to women so that they can make decisions and necessary controls to manage water consumption.

Water sanitation is an essential pillar for avoiding water pollution.

Every hospital, municipality, and government office should maintain a clean and proper environment to converse water.

Release less greywater and increment reuse of greywater to save energy required to filter polluted water.

Control excessing fishing in the ocean where big ships strip binds the entire ocean areas.

Use recyclable plastics only to control plastic pollution.

Build security gates around national water heritage sites like rare lakes and rivers.

Avoid the use of posters in oceans and rivers during race competitions instead use solar lamps.

Limit and control the swimming areas in the ocean for the public.

Avoid water animal hunting in glaciers around arctic and Antarctic circles.
systematically plan burial sites

Limit the use of pesticides at home and farmlands.

Avoid coal mining or scale mining plants to certain limits. Limiting any extraction from overproducing is one of the most exceptional water scarcity solutions.

Build more public restrooms, toilets in villages, and urban areas.

Filter down each water source that comes and goes out of the city to ensure to complete removal of microbial that depletes oxygens

Build more recyclable plants across every town.

While giving garbage into garbage van separate it into two sections, wet waste and dry garbage in different recyclable plastic bags.

Develop agriculture wastewater sewage lines and connect them to the nearest wastewater treatment plant for water purification.

Avoid the emission of Sulphur and nitrogen oxides directly into the atmosphere to avoid acid rains.

Regularly conduct random visits to wastewater treatment plants to make sure staff and resources are following the correct procedure and maintaining pieces of equipment periodically.

Limit chlorine in the water to be added into swimming pools for purification purposes.

Do not keep vegetables in the fridge for long. Plants’ chemical processes generate nitrate as they get older. Nitrate is harmful when it exceeds its particle level in a specific area.

Randomly test various houses for Ph Level in water. If water has a Ph level lower than 7 points, then it is acidic and not suitable for drinking.

Block and reroute water flow, passing through highly radioactive lands into the safe passage.

Avoid oil spills from big ships and vessels if it occurs safety and mitigation steps immediately.

Efficiently plan global trades so that there are less spillage and use of water during big shipments.

It takes a lot of water in the drilling process of crude oil from which byproducts like jet fuel and gas generates. Maintaining the balanced demand and supply of fuel would help to control water consumption and reduce water pollution.

Regularly test water samples from cities for phosphorus level.

Use solar electricity because electricity generated from crude oil products emits harmful gases and contaminates water.

Periodically change the vehicle tires otherwise when becoming too old, usually dumped into the water.

Limit the use of meat products. In developing countries where there are few farming options, people living in such countries tend to rely more on livestock production for daily earning. It leads to an abundant amount of water required for cleaning and washing meats, and this wastewater is releasing into open lands or river.

Find alternate options to use water during festivals. Holi and Tomatina are the biggest festivals in the world. The colors and tomatoes are thrown on to people, along with water are thrown on the street and people.

Reduce issuance of a license for a lumbering business for manufacturing desk and tables. It is healthier to sit on an open surface at home than on wooden tables.

Proper distribution across the countries boosts the transportation business. However, it also leads to an increase in carbon emission as most of the trucks are not maintained regularly.

Water deficit solutions began by limiting carbon emissions. There should be strict laws on limiting the number of vehicles to be transported in and out of the country per day.

Developing countries’ economics majorly relies on the developed nation’s support. So, a lot of time, electronic waste materials from rich countries dump into developing countries that cause air, water, and land pollutions.

Child labor indirectly results in a water shortage. Factories that hire children for work does not have enough sanitation policies due to which a lot of polluted water drains. Child labor is a global issue, and global organizations working towards entirely extinct it.

Many Oil extraction and processing factories like coconut oil factories run inside homes, and they do not follow hygiene.

Gallons of water are used in sweatshops, however, as usual, thrown into open grounds.

Enforcing strict sanitization standards to such shops before issuing a license would help reduce water pollution.

Following the ancient civilization living methodologies to reduce water consumption can be beneficial to prevent pollution.

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Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

Intergovernmental panel on climate change was formed in 1988 by two United Nations organizations to solve the water scarcity issues in the world. The United Nations general assembly endorsed world meteorological organization and the United Nations environment program and later.

Why was the intergovernmental plan on climate change formed?

A legislative panel on climate change that was created by the United Nations to deliver a report of climate change status. The committees consist of scientific experts from all around the globe. These are a group of people who get to organized to summarize our current knowledge and understanding of the state of climate change.

There are various group of intergovernmental panels on climate change who observe the earth based on the scientific parameters which determine the health of the ecosystem of our planet. Some groups include close to 400 scientists across many universities like the University of Australia, India, Europe, and South America regions. It is a team of both men and women and the retired experts who are working with some NGOs.

What does the IPCC report contain?

A report usually contents a summary of discussions and debates around the world’s scientists and field experts. The report contains many lab results physically that happens across locations. Special tests occur on the land, water, and in the air, and some are zero gravity in the International Space Station. The report contains observations like the temperature of the world, rainfall statistics, and the amount of pollution in the regions. The panels verify whether climate change is happening only due to greenhouse gases, or are there any unknown phenomenon.

How are reports reviewed?

The report goes through several review processes and feedback. The author must consider all feedback and address the queries raised in comments by the reviewers. The author must update the report based on each review comment and feedback that he/she gets in the scoping meeting.

Who is a reviewer for the reports, and how reports help governments and policymakers?

Usually, the report goes to the government for higher review. Governments get the opportunity even to reject a story if they do not satisfy the observation during the final part of the process, which is a plenary meeting. It contains all the governments who are part of the intergovernmental panel on climate change who fight for a common problem of water scarcity. They concur line by line with the final summarizing document of the report. Scientists are consistent with current scientific understanding, and they must be sure that they’ve got the science correct, and that’s the critical point about this meeting. Experts must make sure that they have the best possible assessment of the science

How long it takes to prepare a one assessment report?

It spans many years. The first assessment report was generated in 1990, second in 1995, third in 2001, fourth in 2007 and fifth in 2014. Due to multiple assessments and rigorous review stages, the final assessment report takes at least a couple of years to manifest the data and summarize the story.

In a nutshell, the intergovernmental panel on climate change empowers policymakers and government committees who decide future projections. It gives them the latest state of science that will then be able to advise them in many cases.

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How To Drill A Well With Latest Technology

How to drill a water well, the process seems to be very complicated. But literally it is one of the most straightforward methods to drill a water well using four steps. First – Identify the water table spot; Second – Drilling the hole using grinder, water, air; Third step – Casing the drilling hole; Fourth – Capping the water bore and connecting water motor. Water well is an excellent solution for water scarcity.

Identifying water table spot:

Identify a drill spot
Drilling site

There is a multitude of methods. One – people use experience methods, or some people use technologically advanced detector machines where water tables can be spotted quickly and without much hassle. However, some people still prefer to stick based on personal observation and experience. There are no 100% certain about a method that is always true. So, it depends upon the individual choice where they want to drill the hole.

  • Drill the hole where there are a lot of plants.
  • Dig the hole where there is a lot of empty lands.
  • Some people doing the whole with there are a lot of Sky about the land.
  • Some people, even though the whole well, there are a lot of animals, sits on the ground. So there is no particular method where people would instead recommend you drill the hole, and it is upon on person to person. 

Water well is drilled around the area of aquifer, because there are these water caves inside the groundwater containing millions of gallons of water. Water table situates along the mountain steep lines as per the scientific study, but many times it has proven wrong.

Drilling the hole:  

Drilling bit testing
Drilling bit use in water well

There are two types of drilling; A rotating drilling machine, which is a giant machine diesel-powered machine. It has a hydraulic a giant hydraulic pump on it. A big hammer drill applies pressure to the drill bit pushing and fracture the soil or anything that comes in its path down the earth. Another method still used around here is the big wire connected to a giant bit slamming down and pounding into the ground and breaking up that rock.

Rotary drill uses gallons of water, and it has a bit to make a square hole down to the ground. It is angled once it gets leveled out. The drilling bit has giant grinding metals containing holes in it. These holes release water and compressed air. How to drill a well is not rocket science, but it includes several techniques to puncture the bedrock and water aquifer. African water scarcity regions use manual drilling using a mechanical tool innovated by Brigham Young University interns.

Casing the drill hole:

Casing the bore
water bore case

The boring machine starts drilling with drilling shaft at the height of 20 ft at a time using a drilling shaft. The drilling shaft contains drilling bit, spins the bit along with water and air so that soil is ruptured around it, making way for another 20 ft shaft. The entire bore machine has a truck with a crane on it with little thing that allowed cranes to hold the pipes vertically. This way, they’re able to pull the shaft up from top to bottom and reverse.

Once after every shaft of 20 ft each is drilled down, a casing is fit around the surrounding hole. It is necessary because the dirt and mud and all these in gravel could fall collapse and fill up this whole. So, we need something to keep all that stuff out, so the ground piece of a 20-foot length of steel pipe. For the rest of the feet, it is the same process viz, drill, spin, wash, and case. Some people drill for 500 feet or 1000 feet. The minimum any bore drilling company would ask you to do 300 feet to make sure their profits are even with the expense.

Mostly after 1000 feet, the drilling machine hits the bedrock, and the process stops when the rock is nearby. And at each state, casein and washing are required to make sure shaft is going back and forth along the vertical line without any dirt or mud. The casing is usually 2 inches in diameter.

It is necessary to avoid contamination of water with clay and dust. Otherwise, it will be overhead of the cost of excessive filtration of water. Borewell shall be used daily to avoid becoming dry. It is then a little difficult to grow the supply of water under aquifer unless and until there is enough rainfall. Otherwise, it leads to a water deficit.

Capping the hole and installing water motor:

Installing cap on bore.
Water well cap

Once the drilling machine is close to the aquifer, then the water will start to come out. After that, an entire block of casing must be installed right from top to bottom in the hole. W also need to make sure the drill hole on the top is safely caped. Installation of a water motor is mandatory because bore doesn’t have enough pressure to pump water out of the bore. Another reason to install a cap is to make sure by accident nobody shall fall into a hole or steal water from a water well.

Per the given steps, we can understand how to drill a water well to solve drought situations. We can also drill water bore next to our garden if suitable space is not available in farmland. The average cost of 500 feet water well is approximately $500. It cost per feet basis with an additional fee of cap and casing installation.

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