Water Analysis Information and Facts

Water is an essential component of living, and it also gets degraded in quality when it contains an excess of unwanted chemicals and harmful microorganisms. Water gets polluted by various reasons, and sources of water bodies have many uses, such as the public use of agricultural, industrial, fisheries, and recreational use.

Water quality is relative to the intended purpose because there are many aspects of water pollution, and there are many variables that determine water quality for a given use. Ions like nitrates hydroxides and chlorides are entirely soluble in water and are called dissolved solids. The major factors controlling the quality of water are physical, biological, and chemical.

The quality of water is analyzed based on its natural occurrence. Chemical water is a natural form of water where we have a chemical composition as H2O. Portable water like water available in the bottle is fit for drinking. Palatable water looks pure from its appearance, but it may be harmful substances. Wholesome water is chemically not refined, and it does not contain any toxic substances. Polluted water contains hazardous material, and contaminated water contains harmful pathogens like viruses that cause dengue and typhoid.

We distinguish water into two categories, hard water, and soft water. Hard water is like salty water, and it contains calcium and magnesium ions in the water. It does not produce a lather with soap, and there are two types of hard water, temperament hardness, and permanent hardness. The temporary hardness is the result of the presence of carbonate and bicarbonate ions of calcium and magnesium ions.

We analysis base on various parameters and methods used for water investigation. The physical characteristic of water quickly determined analysis on an abstract level with its physical features like color, odor or smalle, turbidity, PH value, conductivity, and Total solid dissolved (TDS). The other chemical properties that water test happens on its hardness, the level of calcium, magnesium, chloride, sulfate, alkalinity, and nitrate molecules. Water analysis also contains critiques of the toxic metals inside water like Copper, Chromium, Cadmium, Zinc, Lead, Mercury, and Iron.

The turbidity degree of water tells how clear is water when seeing with naked eyes. For example, when you add a tablespoon of sand in a glass of water. The sand will reside in the base, and water will be clear enough. However, as soon as you start stirring the water along with precipitated sand, water will lose its clarity, and it will begin to become brown. If the water becomes 30% unclear, then we can say the turbidity of rain is 30% turbid. Turbidity is usually high in water deficit regions.

Water is often a conductor of electricity depending upon the number of dissolved salt present in water. Typically, two essential factors for water analysis that we need to consider. First is, what substances and organisms we are interested in testing in water and second are, what procedures and equipment do we use to make the measurements.

Water contains organic nutrients like BOD, COD, Phenols, Oil, Pesticide, and ammonium nitrate. Element tests by dissolving other chemicals into water samples. During water scarcity, organic and inorganic compounds are analyzed regularly to make sure water is not contaminated and drinkable.

The bacteria total coliform and fecal coliform would impact severely on animal bodies and may also lead to physical disinformation of the body. Surprisingly water may contain a higher level of radioactive alpha and beta emitters that go through analysis during the wastewater filtration process.

For drinkable water, the total coliforms organism must be less 50 mm per 100 ml; Ph must be between 6.5 – 8.5, and dissolved oxygen must be between 6mg or more. For non-drinkable use, total coliform must be less than 500mg per 100 ml; pH must be between 6.5 – 8.5, and dissolved oxygen must be more than 5mg/l. For wildlife and fisheries, pH must be between 6.5 and 8.5, dissolved oxygen greater than 4mg/l, and free ammonia. For irrigation and industrial use, pH must be between 6 – 8.5, sodium absorption ration less than 26, and electrical conductivity at 25-degree Celcius micromhos/cm.

The inland surface water is in a multitude of proportions of dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen, chlorides, boron, PH value, arsenic value, iron, lead, copper, and fluorides. Water filtrations systems use PH meter to measure PH value in water. The chemical reactions in water depend upon its acidity and fundamental PH values. For example, If water is acidic, chemical reactions will not happen on the water. PH values are also useful to determine wastewater treatment and water supply. PH values of water differentiate across water scarcity areas.

Total dissolved solids classify if the water is reusable. If the water has higher TDS, then it is not usable and may cause diseases like gastrointestinal irritation and also ideal for industrial use. TDS is determined by vaporizing water and sometimes prolong drying and desiccate to measure the portion of solids that passes filters.

Water analysis outline involves bioassay tests where oxygen is measured depending upon how much oxygen microorganism consumes when water is kept in the open air. The process termed aerobic conditions. If required, water examination involves an argentometric method where chloride is measured based on the organic alkaline solution using potassium chromate value indicators.

The level of dissolved oxygen is critical in water analysis to measure the condition of polluted water. Many factors affect the concentration of dissolved oxygen in the stream. It includes temperature, as oxygen dissolved quickly in cold water flow because the level of oxygen varies with the volume and velocity of water flowing in the stream. Faster the flow of water, the more will be the concentration of oxygen entering the water from the atmosphere.

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10 Common Types of Water Bottle

Water bottles play an essential role when traveling or working out in gyms. The capacity of the Water bottle determines the amount of water consumed per day. For example, if you would take 1 liter of the water bottle to office, it means you may only drink a 1-liter bottle during working hours.

On the other side, If you take 1 liter of water to the gym and considering you spend 1 hour in the gym, then it means body process 1 liter of water in an hour. Although while workout, it is essential to drink, but 1-8 hours difference is still pretty big. Following, we discuss significant types of water bottles.

Sport water bottles:

Water bottle use for sport

Our body demands more water when we wake up. It is advised to drink two-liter of water within 2 hours you wake up. People who go jogging, prefer to carry a small half-liter water bottle so they can fit into the waist belt. These bottles have a capacity of half-liter to 1 liter.

Colorful water bottles:

colorful water bottles

Colorful water bottles are typically made up of steel and colored outside with paint. They cost around $11 to $15 piece in any grocery or big shopping malls like Walmart. They come in 1-liter to 2-liter water capacity. Because of their vivid color, school children like them very much.

Plain plastic bottle:

plain plastic water bottle

Plain plastic bottles are thin and not much attractive. They are cheap and cost around $.50. They come in the capacity of 1-5 liters. You will find these types of bottles in water scarcity regions like Africa. They are made from non-recyclable plastic and hence challenging to dispose of them.

Steel water bottle:

Steel water bottle

Steel water bottles are made up of pure steel that is, in turn, made from the blast furnace. They don’t contain any other chemicals; hence, they do not cause any health effects. Sometimes they are fitted with a thin layer of thermal ceramic materials from inside to maintain temperature. They are a little expensive than plastic water bottles and grey most of the time. Non-water drinks like Curd, Shakes, or Juice fit well inside steel water bottles. However, they don’t have more capacity than 1-2 liters.

School water bottles:

School water bottle

School water bottles are similar to regular plastic bottles. However, the only difference is that they are vivid, and the water cap has a hole with a small plastic lid. They store half a liter of water and sometimes have water meter labeled on the side of bottles.

Thermal bottled water:

Thermal water bottle

Thermal water bottles are used to stored hot beverages like tea and coffee to stabilize temperature when going for an outing or in office. They are expensive and cost around $20 to $30 per bottle at most of the shopping and grocery malls. The inner and outer side is made up of steel. It has a thermal coating inside the inner and outer walls of the bottle. And it is fitted with a robust thick plastic tap opens when you press the top of it. They are highly durable and do not break easily, unlike plastic bottles.

Glass Bottle:

Glass water bottle

As per the scientific study, drinking from water glass is healthy and risk-free. Glass molecules don’t let bacteria grow in water. They are highly fragile and not readily transportable. A glass water bottle can cost in the range of $10-$30 and mostly has a capacity of 1 -2 liters. Alcoholic beverages like whiskey, wine, rum, vodka, etc. are all stored and served glass bottles.

Recyclable water bottle :

Recyclable water bottles

Government from many countries are emphasizing to increase the use of recyclable water bottle. They help to reduce plastic pollution and save time and cost to produce new plastic. Recyclable water bottles are available in various capacities from 1 liter to 15 liters.

Clay water bottles:

Clay water bottle

Clay water bottles build from clay, which is nothing but mud and soil. Clay is rolled over a wheel and shaped with bare hands. After then, clay bottles are roasted in oven so that they remain durable for more prolonged use. Clay bottles are also helping to keep water fresh during summer seasons. Many developing nations like India prefer to keep them in public places so that thirsty passer-by can drink water during intense heat. In ancient times, the most significant civilizations were used to drink using clay pots and bottles. Because of their cooling properties, and they also help make a living for poor people. During water scarcity, villagers would store water inside big clay vessels to avoid vapourization.

Plastic Dispenser Water Bottle:

Plastic Dispenser Water Bottle

These are big plastic water bottles, mainly used for storing large amounts of water. They come in 15 to 20 liters capacity variations and are transparent with light blue color. After drinking, they can be used to store other types of liquid due to their durability.

The lid is reusable. It doesn’t content with any handle but often comes with a water dispenser. During water scarcity in Chennai, these were hot items for sale on amazon and shopping websites.

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Types of Water Storage In World

Water scarcity is increasing every year, and there is a need to find different ways to converse water. Water storage is rudimentary and essential for healthy living. We listed some of the world’s different types of water storage tanks and structure per following.

Bluewater Tank:

Bluewater storage tanks have more than 1000 liter of water storage capacity. Due to their blue color, water inside them doesn’t evaporate, and these water tanks can be connected easily via pipes.

Outdoor Water Tanks:

Outdoor water tanks are made up of concrete to make sure they don’t break up due to open heat and open water. California has many outdoor containers due to its vast geographic area.

Wooden Water Tanks:

Wooden water tanks are available in town and village due to its economic value. They are transportable from one place to another, and they are easy to assemble. They are made from teak wood for better durability and don’t deteriorate for at least a hundred years.

Thai Jar :

These mud jars are readily available in Thailand. It is their old way of storing water. They are a great economical way of water storage. They promote art and source of earning money for jar makers. They are highly useful during the Arid climate.

Hot water storage tanks:

Hot Water Storage Tank is generally used to process or filtered water. Usually, they connect with a water filter and a water meter that stops at specific intervals. Many villages in India have hot water storage tanks for public drinking purposes.

Floodgate water storage:

These are small dam-like structures to trap water during flooding. Flood gates also process water simultaneously for drinking purposes with the help of pure water filtered attached to the top of a small bridge. Many developing countries still lack floodwater gates.

Community Water Storage

The dome-like structure is similar to water storage towers. Community water storage is there another name due to their round shape. Community storage tanks help to pump water into the ground efficiently. , and people do not have to install a water motor to pump water into house water tanks.

Gardening water tanks

Gardening tanks are specially build to feed water to plants. Inner layers consist of durable plastic, and the outer area is barbed with small pipes for circulation.


Dams are the most significant water storage structure on earth. Some levees in India hold approximately up to 3140000.00 cubic meters of water. They are an excellent structure for the fishing business and empower the aquaculture industry. They are the right solution for water scarcity regions.

Brick Water Storage

Many African countries use brick water storage as they are economical and required less time and effort. It contains water that is harvested via rainwater harvesting and does not directly collect water from the atmosphere.

Natural and Artificial lakes:

Hill stations and mountain lands are efficient places to hold an abundant amount of water. Low maintenance and it requires almost no filtration and processing. Popular brands that make drinking water did their businesses on fresh lake waters.

Big storage water tank:

For densely populated cities where water scarcity is high, big water tanks are used to meet the demand of the city’s water. However, they are highly expensive and required a massive workforce for maintenance. The United States one of the highest numbers of big water tanks due to its continuous requirement.

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