How Water Omniprocessor works

Importance of Omniprocessor: 

Water scarcity is a constant challenge through the Africa continent. In some African countries, there is no facility for sewage pipeline, and hence sludge is unprocessed. It retains in the sewage tanks until tanks are full and start spilling over the streets. Finally, mud has to take out with manual human labor efforts by digging a hole inland and then manually pulling sludge with a bucket and filled in drilled holes. It imposes a significant risk of contamination because manually cleaning sewage tanks may affect the workers, and then the disease is spread over whoever comes in contact.

Sometimes little children even swim in these sludge-filled waters. Another way to transfer the sludge via pumping using a motorized and then transfer via big tucks to the wastewater treatment plant. However, it still does kill the pathogens. It is where Omni processors play a crucial role. It is a pathogen-free processor and also creates many by-products like electricity, Ash, and pure drinking water. The by-product ashes are durable and economical. Hence by selling these products, one can run a profitable business from this water sanitation process. Also, it helps to solve water scarcity issues.

How Omni Processor works:

Sludge goes into conveyor bet in vertical slope. This sludge contains human and any waste that runs through your building sewage pipeline to wastewater treatment plants

It then goes into the boiling tube where this sludge boils. The boiling is horizontally aligned so that the mud remains on the surface, while water vapors go through vertical tracts.

In this boiling process, water vapors are separated from sludge solids and stored them in a container.

Separated sludge is then fed into the fire and creates a high pressure, high-temperature steam.

The hot steam transfers to a steam engine that helps to run a generator to produce electricity.

The high pressure is steam is so considerable that it is a help to run the generator and also used to fulfill the demand for electricity in towns and villages.

On the other side, the water vapors that generates during the boiling process is process transferred to the water filtration system.

This water filtration system sanitizes and filters the water so that it is available for drinking during water scarcity situations. The pH value in this filtered water is the same water inside any standard drinking water bottle.

The person who is managing this whole process is get paid in two ways. One, getting paid for taking sludge water and second providing electricity and clean drinking water for communities.

The Omniprocessors costs around 2 million each, however, they have an immediate return on investment once the sewage pipelines are connected. Also, with the latest mobile devices, it is accessible to operator them remotely and required few resources to maintain on-site.

The Omniprocessor is the result of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation program to provide drinkable water and economical electricity in poor countries. It also meets the United States’ greenhouse gas emission standards. Omni Processors are easy to install and runs on the steam engine, just like an old train engine. Hence it doesn’t need an additional power supply. Instead, it over generates electricity, and extra is given back to societies.

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Types of Water Storage In World

Water scarcity is increasing every year, and there is a need to find different ways to converse water. Water storage is rudimentary and essential for healthy living. We listed some of the world’s different types of water storage tanks and structure per following.

Bluewater Tank:

Bluewater storage tanks have more than 1000 liter of water storage capacity. Due to their blue color, water inside them doesn’t evaporate, and these water tanks can be connected easily via pipes.

Outdoor Water Tanks:

Outdoor water tanks are made up of concrete to make sure they don’t break up due to open heat and open water. California has many outdoor containers due to its vast geographic area.

Wooden Water Tanks:

Wooden water tanks are available in town and village due to its economic value. They are transportable from one place to another, and they are easy to assemble. They are made from teak wood for better durability and don’t deteriorate for at least a hundred years.

Thai Jar :

These mud jars are readily available in Thailand. It is their old way of storing water. They are a great economical way of water storage. They promote art and source of earning money for jar makers. They are highly useful during the Arid climate.

Hot water storage tanks:

Hot Water Storage Tank is generally used to process or filtered water. Usually, they connect with a water filter and a water meter that stops at specific intervals. Many villages in India have hot water storage tanks for public drinking purposes.

Floodgate water storage:

These are small dam-like structures to trap water during flooding. Flood gates also process water simultaneously for drinking purposes with the help of pure water filtered attached to the top of a small bridge. Many developing countries still lack floodwater gates.

Community Water Storage

The dome-like structure is similar to water storage towers. Community water storage is there another name due to their round shape. Community storage tanks help to pump water into the ground efficiently. , and people do not have to install a water motor to pump water into house water tanks.

Gardening water tanks

Gardening tanks are specially build to feed water to plants. Inner layers consist of durable plastic, and the outer area is barbed with small pipes for circulation.

Dams

Dams are the most significant water storage structure on earth. Some levees in India hold approximately up to 3140000.00 cubic meters of water. They are an excellent structure for the fishing business and empower the aquaculture industry. They are the right solution for water scarcity regions.

Brick Water Storage

Many African countries use brick water storage as they are economical and required less time and effort. It contains water that is harvested via rainwater harvesting and does not directly collect water from the atmosphere.

Natural and Artificial lakes:

Hill stations and mountain lands are efficient places to hold an abundant amount of water. Low maintenance and it requires almost no filtration and processing. Popular brands that make drinking water did their businesses on fresh lake waters.

Big storage water tank:

For densely populated cities where water scarcity is high, big water tanks are used to meet the demand of the city’s water. However, they are highly expensive and required a massive workforce for maintenance. The United States one of the highest numbers of big water tanks due to its continuous requirement.

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How To Drill A Well With Latest Technology

How to drill a water well, the process seems to be very complicated. But literally it is one of the most straightforward methods to drill a water well using four steps. First – Identify the water table spot; Second – Drilling the hole using grinder, water, air; Third step – Casing the drilling hole; Fourth – Capping the water bore and connecting water motor. Water well is an excellent solution for water scarcity.

Identifying water table spot:

Identify a drill spot
Drilling site

There is a multitude of methods. One – people use experience methods, or some people use technologically advanced detector machines where water tables can be spotted quickly and without much hassle. However, some people still prefer to stick based on personal observation and experience. There are no 100% certain about a method that is always true. So, it depends upon the individual choice where they want to drill the hole.

  • Drill the hole where there are a lot of plants.
  • Dig the hole where there is a lot of empty lands.
  • Some people doing the whole with there are a lot of Sky about the land.
  • Some people, even though the whole well, there are a lot of animals, sits on the ground. So there is no particular method where people would instead recommend you drill the hole, and it is upon on person to person. 

Water well is drilled around the area of aquifer, because there are these water caves inside the groundwater containing millions of gallons of water. Water table situates along the mountain steep lines as per the scientific study, but many times it has proven wrong.

Drilling the hole:  

Drilling bit testing
Drilling bit use in water well

There are two types of drilling; A rotating drilling machine, which is a giant machine diesel-powered machine. It has a hydraulic a giant hydraulic pump on it. A big hammer drill applies pressure to the drill bit pushing and fracture the soil or anything that comes in its path down the earth. Another method still used around here is the big wire connected to a giant bit slamming down and pounding into the ground and breaking up that rock.

Rotary drill uses gallons of water, and it has a bit to make a square hole down to the ground. It is angled once it gets leveled out. The drilling bit has giant grinding metals containing holes in it. These holes release water and compressed air. How to drill a well is not rocket science, but it includes several techniques to puncture the bedrock and water aquifer. African water scarcity regions use manual drilling using a mechanical tool innovated by Brigham Young University interns.

Casing the drill hole:

Casing the bore
water bore case

The boring machine starts drilling with drilling shaft at the height of 20 ft at a time using a drilling shaft. The drilling shaft contains drilling bit, spins the bit along with water and air so that soil is ruptured around it, making way for another 20 ft shaft. The entire bore machine has a truck with a crane on it with little thing that allowed cranes to hold the pipes vertically. This way, they’re able to pull the shaft up from top to bottom and reverse.

Once after every shaft of 20 ft each is drilled down, a casing is fit around the surrounding hole. It is necessary because the dirt and mud and all these in gravel could fall collapse and fill up this whole. So, we need something to keep all that stuff out, so the ground piece of a 20-foot length of steel pipe. For the rest of the feet, it is the same process viz, drill, spin, wash, and case. Some people drill for 500 feet or 1000 feet. The minimum any bore drilling company would ask you to do 300 feet to make sure their profits are even with the expense.

Mostly after 1000 feet, the drilling machine hits the bedrock, and the process stops when the rock is nearby. And at each state, casein and washing are required to make sure shaft is going back and forth along the vertical line without any dirt or mud. The casing is usually 2 inches in diameter.

It is necessary to avoid contamination of water with clay and dust. Otherwise, it will be overhead of the cost of excessive filtration of water. Borewell shall be used daily to avoid becoming dry. It is then a little difficult to grow the supply of water under aquifer unless and until there is enough rainfall. Otherwise, it leads to a water deficit.

Capping the hole and installing water motor:

Installing cap on bore.
Water well cap

Once the drilling machine is close to the aquifer, then the water will start to come out. After that, an entire block of casing must be installed right from top to bottom in the hole. W also need to make sure the drill hole on the top is safely caped. Installation of a water motor is mandatory because bore doesn’t have enough pressure to pump water out of the bore. Another reason to install a cap is to make sure by accident nobody shall fall into a hole or steal water from a water well.

Per the given steps, we can understand how to drill a water well to solve drought situations. We can also drill water bore next to our garden if suitable space is not available in farmland. The average cost of 500 feet water well is approximately $500. It cost per feet basis with an additional fee of cap and casing installation.

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