Lasy year Nigeria suffered a deadly epidemic of cholera due to contaminated water. Most of the places water source is a water well and borewells, which sometimes contains wastewater. Some people rely on artificial water sources due to water deficit, and some walk up to 10 km to collector water from dry river ponds.
Ethiopia used to have many lakes 20 years ago, which have now dried and used to their full potential. They recently build a 5 billion dollar dam along with Sudan to suffice the water need of its citizens. However, it may cause a conflict with neiboughring nation Egypt. Ethiopia is running out of its water resource. It rapidly becoming a water-scarce country; however, the major problem lies with the UK and Egtpy treaty of 1929 to share control of the Nile river.
Egypt having Nile river running through its center, is suffering from water supply problems. The capital city Cairo is batteling for water shortage. Ethiopia is pushing with the water dam project, while Egypt is not happy with the agreements. Egypt realized they could not rely on the Nile river, and water scarcity will become permanant if immediate steps not taken place. Between Egypt, Sudan, and Ethiopia has now devolved into a complicated triangle of contention. Egypt gets approximately 55 million cubic meters from the Nile river in addition to recycled water that makes a total of about 80 billion per year. This demand is rising every year up to 120 billion cubic meters.
DR Congo lies on the banks of freshwater lakes and has had heavy rainfall in recent years. However, it is still counted as water scarcity in the African region as it has no running water across its state. Many times water has to be traded from bordering countries
Rwanda is a country where water cost is double compared to other African water-deficit countries. A container is a cost at 50 Rwanda francs, and it is easily carried across borders from Rwanda to DR Condo without any immigration checks. Water scarcity has become imminent across Rwanda regions due to which the majority of children cannot attend schools.
South Africa is the wealthiest nation in the African region. However, consecutive three years of drought has made the capital city Cape Town’s water supply is run dry. There are legal rules in cities where water drinking water is not available for any other purpose other than drinking. People got arrest for even washing cars with drinking water. In some videos, good income earning people carry 4-5 buckets in hands-on streets, collecting water from public taps. The protests are ongoing against the privatization of water.
Tanzania has very few water resources. It is one of the water-scarce nations in the African continent where people lack access to basic needs, and sources of water are a far story. People travel 70 miles a day to search for water for themselves and their livestock. Water scarcity has led to war and conflict with neighboring countries and an increase in the rise of armed rebels. Not only that, but there has been an increase in cattle theft and smuggling.
Kenya has a population close a million, and more than half of Kenya’s population doesn’t have access to clean water. Villagers rely on local government to get water from trucks and boreholes, which contains harmful substances. The government is working to find water, but finding the water table has become an impossible challenge.
Uganda has adequate sources of water, and villages mostly have to dig a hole in open soil to get water. The problem is not with water but getting into it because most of the water sources are 50-0 deep inside the land. Uganda always faces a drought situation and require international help.
Water scarcity is a constant challenge through the Africa continent. In some African countries, there is no facility for sewage pipeline, and hence sludge is unprocessed. It retains in the sewage tanks until tanks are full and start spilling over the streets. Finally, mud has to take out with manual human labor efforts by digging a hole inland and then manually pulling sludge with a bucket and filled in drilled holes. It imposes a significant risk of contamination because manually cleaning sewage tanks may affect the workers, and then the disease is spread over whoever comes in contact.
Sometimes little children even swim in these sludge-filled waters. Another way to transfer the sludge via pumping using a motorized and then transfer via big tucks to the wastewater treatment plant. However, it still does kill the pathogens. It is where Omni processors play a crucial role. It is a pathogen-free processor and also creates many by-products like electricity, Ash, and pure drinking water. The by-product ashes are durable and economical. Hence by selling these products, one can run a profitable business from this water sanitation process. Also, it helps to solve water scarcity issues.
How Omni Processor works:
Sludge goes into conveyor bet in vertical slope. This sludge contains human and any waste that runs through your building sewage pipeline to wastewater treatment plants
It then goes into the boiling tube where this sludge boils. The boiling is horizontally aligned so that the mud remains on the surface, while water vapors go through vertical tracts.
In this boiling process, water vapors are separated from sludge solids and stored them in a container.
Separated sludge is then fed into the fire and creates a high pressure, high-temperature steam.
The hot steam transfers to a steam engine that helps to run a generator to produce electricity.
The high pressure is steam is so considerable that it is a help to run the generator and also used to fulfill the demand for electricity in towns and villages.
On the other side, the water vapors that generates during the boiling process is process transferred to the water filtration system.
This water filtration system sanitizes and filters the water so that it is available for drinking during water scarcity situations. The pH value in this filtered water is the same water inside any standard drinking water bottle.
The person who is managing this whole process is get paid in two ways. One, getting paid for taking sludge water and second providing electricity and clean drinking water for communities.
The Omniprocessors costs around 2 million each, however, they have an immediate return on investment once the sewage pipelines are connected. Also, with the latest mobile devices, it is accessible to operator them remotely and required few resources to maintain on-site.
The Omniprocessor is the result of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation program to provide drinkable water and economical electricity in poor countries. It also meets the United States’ greenhouse gas emission standards. Omni Processors are easy to install and runs on the steam engine, just like an old train engine. Hence it doesn’t need an additional power supply. Instead, it over generates electricity, and extra is given back to societies.
The primary reason for water scarcity is poverty, industrial, vehicle, and household release of wastewater. We can adapt to the following solutions to completely get rid away from water pollution.
Avoid dumping garbage and waste materials in the rivers and oceans.
Maintaining the proper hygiene standards to self and among other peers helps to avoid water dearth.
Drain the black water to the wastewater treatment plant.
Use electric vehicles to prevent the release of carbon dioxide in the air.
Attend climate change and drought control conferences and events to make one self-knowledgeable and others as well.
Do not through hospital used items like syringes in open ground.
Do not cut trees that are more than ten years old as they help to hold water on grounds.
Identify all the leakages and fix them permanently instead of temporary patches.
Follow emission standards to maintain clean air.
Avoid throwing leftover food items into kitchen basin and outside buildings.
Regularly check sewage tank for maintenance as they get chock up due to undissolved waste.
Use flood gates during flooding, avoid traveling and outdoor activities during raining.
Take the required amount of water when roaming outdoors and do not throw away leftover water.
Avoid bathing outside near river or lake edges instead use water buckets for bathing.
Avoid big fat parties to ensure water is available in the required amount for other people living in town.
Clean the city’s underground water tank and tower tanks.
Do not directly release industrial wastewater into the river; instead, build the sewage lines to route industrial wastewater into sewage treatment plants.
Learn different ways to converse water and build water harvesting rooftops.
Avoid the overuse of fertilizers and chemicals for plants.
Systematically decompose Animal dead bodies and avoid contacting them with water.
Do not wash utensils and cloths in the open water of rivers and lakes.
Manage industrial development at a steady rate to avoid the overproduction of raw products and material so that water consumed in adequate quantities, and water doesn’t spill much.
Daily track and monitor of water prices.
Invent new technologies to filter water with minimum loss and wastage.
Form new policies to foster employment across the weak economic region to fight poverty and reduce the extinction of slum areas.
Improve in standards of day to day work activities like adapting to the use of bicycles instead of motors.
Early detection of aquifer and water table collapse to make sure aquifer water doesn’t contaminate with other underground chemicals
Awareness of birth control and access to contraceptive medicines
Equal rights and freedom to women so that they can make decisions and necessary controls to manage water consumption.
Water sanitation is an essential pillar for avoiding water pollution.
Every hospital, municipality, and government office should maintain a clean and proper environment to converse water.
Release less greywater and increment reuse of greywater to save energy required to filter polluted water.
Control excessing fishing in the ocean where big ships strip binds the entire ocean areas.
Use recyclable plastics only to control plastic pollution.
Build security gates around national water heritage sites like rare lakes and rivers.
Avoid the use of posters in oceans and rivers during race competitions instead use solar lamps.
Limit and control the swimming areas in the ocean for the public.
Avoid water animal hunting in glaciers around arctic and Antarctic circles. systematically plan burial sites
Limit the use of pesticides at home and farmlands.
Avoid coal mining or scale mining plants to certain limits. Limiting any extraction from overproducing is one of the most exceptional water scarcity solutions.
Build more public restrooms, toilets in villages, and urban areas.
Filter down each water source that comes and goes out of the city to ensure to complete removal of microbial that depletes oxygens
Build more recyclable plants across every town.
While giving garbage into garbage van separate it into two sections, wet waste and dry garbage in different recyclable plastic bags.
Develop agriculture wastewater sewage lines and connect them to the nearest wastewater treatment plant for water purification.
Avoid the emission of Sulphur and nitrogen oxides directly into the atmosphere to avoid acid rains.
Regularly conduct random visits to wastewater treatment plants to make sure staff and resources are following the correct procedure and maintaining pieces of equipment periodically.
Limit chlorine in the water to be added into swimming pools for purification purposes.
Do not keep vegetables in the fridge for long. Plants’ chemical processes generate nitrate as they get older. Nitrate is harmful when it exceeds its particle level in a specific area.
Randomly test various houses for Ph Level in water. If water has a Ph level lower than 7 points, then it is acidic and not suitable for drinking.
Block and reroute water flow, passing through highly radioactive lands into the safe passage.
Avoid oil spills from big ships and vessels if it occurs safety and mitigation steps immediately.
Efficiently plan global trades so that there are less spillage and use of water during big shipments.
It takes a lot of water in the drilling process of crude oil from which byproducts like jet fuel and gas generates. Maintaining the balanced demand and supply of fuel would help to control water consumption and reduce water pollution.
Regularly test water samples from cities for phosphorus level.
Use solar electricity because electricity generated from crude oil products emits harmful gases and contaminates water.
Periodically change the vehicle tires otherwise when becoming too old, usually dumped into the water.
Limit the use of meat products. In developing countries where there are few farming options, people living in such countries tend to rely more on livestock production for daily earning. It leads to an abundant amount of water required for cleaning and washing meats, and this wastewater is releasing into open lands or river.
Find alternate options to use water during festivals. Holi and Tomatina are the biggest festivals in the world. The colors and tomatoes are thrown on to people, along with water are thrown on the street and people.
Reduce issuance of a license for a lumbering business for manufacturing desk and tables. It is healthier to sit on an open surface at home than on wooden tables.
Proper distribution across the countries boosts the transportation business. However, it also leads to an increase in carbon emission as most of the trucks are not maintained regularly.
Water deficit solutions began by limiting carbon emissions. There should be strict laws on limiting the number of vehicles to be transported in and out of the country per day.
Developing countries’ economics majorly relies on the developed nation’s support. So, a lot of time, electronic waste materials from rich countries dump into developing countries that cause air, water, and land pollutions.
Child labor indirectly results in a water shortage. Factories that hire children for work does not have enough sanitation policies due to which a lot of polluted water drains. Child labor is a global issue, and global organizations working towards entirely extinct it.
Many Oil extraction and processing factories like coconut oil factories run inside homes, and they do not follow hygiene.
Gallons of water are used in sweatshops, however, as usual, thrown into open grounds.
Enforcing strict sanitization standards to such shops before issuing a license would help reduce water pollution.
Following the ancient civilization living methodologies to reduce water consumption can be beneficial to prevent pollution.
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