Although our planet earth contains 71 percent of water, only less than 10 percent use for drinking and other utilities combined. The centralized water supply is dangerous for the world. If the universal water supply contaminates, then the water deficit situation is inevitable. Water shortage happens by multiple reasons this result is summarized and shortlisted as per the following
- Access and availability of the water is a political issue in the developing country. The water resources are getting dry every year. Besides, there is increasing the temperature on earth.
- Multiple states use river water. If states divide and share their water consumption using algorithms, then it will reduce the water shortage in the world. Many developed countries like the USA and UK have decentralized water, but there is a balanced water allocation system in every state.
- A natural disaster, 2011 Tsunami happened in Japan due to the earthquake. It contaminated many natural resources because a lot of seawater got mixed with the rivers. East Japan mostly profoundly impacted areas due to tsunami.
- Inadequate disaster management system during natural calamities but often considered to be your primary reason for the water shortage. Also, an insufficient amount of water testing and the methods available to the individuals causes the scarcity of water supply due to households.
- The lack of regular water service on the demand and the supply of tea water in the cities States and the countries makes it challenging to fulfill the need of water whenever required.
- Behavior on the use of water and consistent demand from the industries for the water for their product makes it highly difficult for the government to allocate their natural resources.
- Continuous war conflicts and overpopulation demands for more drinking water, which is not available in such conflict zones.
- Most importantly, the awareness amongst the individual on the importance of water is a highly debating issue, and most of the public wants to stay away on reducing the consumption of water because they feel limiting the water usage will impact their social and economic status.
The international organizations need to identify the water dearth towns to address water demands. Following is the list of the water-scarce countries.
India is the most significant agricultural product exporter, and it has a tremendous amount of water requirement. Chennai becomes a drought city because its four significant natural resources got dried up due to the inefficient rainfall in recent years. Unfortunately, the government had to import the water from different sources and from different states to fulfill the city’s water supply. Water inadequacy can occur in any town if water use excessively. As we have been looking through all the research, saving the water and conserving the water is the only way to avoid future water prices
Bangladesh is a significant manufacturer of cloths but unfortunately major water-scarce countries in the Asia continent. Millions of tons of clothes get manufactured in Bangladesh, and so the water is required to fulfill this production needs. It also has a highly dense population and the highest amounts of death due to the floods. So although it has abundant rainfall, it still as a water shortage due to improper ways to conserve the water.
Myanmar Is solely an agricultural dependent economy. A lot of political changes have been taken place in recent decades do two, which was facing a lot of difficulties in sustaining natural resources.
Approximately 7 million people in Cambodia don’t have access to enough water supply due to which there are a lot of malnutrition cases in recent years. It is a country where water sanitation lacks in many regions. There are approximately ten water organizations that are helping Cambodia to fulfill its water sanitation and water storage in the world.
Lebanon has many refugees, and they are migrating continuously due to social and political conflicts. Refugee situation creates the vast necessity of the water in the refugee camps, and because of these, it must take the help of the United Nations another water organization in the world.
Due to political conflicts in the middle east, a lot of countries are making their way to the water scarcity countries list. Because the Gaza strip is the most significant natural resource of the water supply for Palestine. Also, it is facing the water pollution problem and failing to meet the water quality standards.
Due to the increase in temperature, Jordan’s natural water resources are getting depleting at a faster rate. There is not enough water supply for people, even regular activities. Jordan is one of the top water-scarce countries in the world and failing to meet countries’ water requirements due to a severe increase in population.
Approximate 6 million people in Libya lacks access to the pure water supply. It is due to consistent fights against neighboring countries in the last decade, water resources are getting utilized at a higher rate. Also, it is tough to provide international efforts as it has always been a conflict zone.
Iraq war left more than half a million people in undersupply of water. There are two primary rivers in Iraq, Tigris, and the Euphrates, that provide water to the entire nation. For many years they are reaching the drought situation, causing water shortage. Capital Basra solely relies on agriculture.
It is an estimate that Pakistan will face severe scarcity in a future year if there is no substantial amount of measures to fight the water shortage in the world. Around 80% of the population relies on agriculture and industry. Production may have to shut down if the necessary step does not take place to sanitize water and increase resources of water supply. An increase in temperature has caused due to cutting trees and manufacturing over the limit.
Average rainfall in Syria contributes to 47,000 cubic meter water. However, Syria has land that is majorly captivated by desert, and most of the water resources are aquifers and few rivers. The pool and sanitation are the primary reason for recent deaths in Syria due to dengue and cholera. They don’t have strategies & planning for water resources. Sooner, the country will run dry, all of its water supplies
Only 30% of the population In Afghanistan has access to sanitized water. 90% of the water depends on agricultural activities. Because the country is just recovering from its unstable economic and political conditions, there are very few industries that are running. Therefore in the future, countries like Afghanistan will need more water if they want to revolutionize the import and export business and remove itself from being a water-scarce country.
Tunisia exports agricultural products, and there is an increase in demand for water. It is also one of the Top tourist countries in the African continent and needs better infrastructure.
Likewise, the other water spots countries human is entirely dependent on its agricultural production. Yemen has seen many civil wars in recent years due to which it has worn-out of water resources. It is one of the most scars countries on the African continent. Also, there is a bad influence from international regions due to unstable and inefficient system.
The drought situation leads to hunger and poverty. Somalia has been facing severe drought for many years, and it has almost right now; it’s all the water resources. At the moment, Somalia citizen is not allowed to enter the United States. This ban is impacting the imports and export business of Somalia.
Ethiopia is still highly developing countries in the African region. It has made significant efforts to improve its water resources and trying itself to delist from the water scarcity countries list. However, still, approximately 70 million People proper water and sanitation.
Madagascar is a small island in the South African region. Only 50% of the people have access to the water, and out of that 50 %, approximately 35% of the people don’t use sanitized water. Instead, they use the same unfiltered water for different purposes like drinking, washing clothes, and utensils.
Mozambique is a country where the economy is, and there are no significant exports due to which it must solely rely on independent agricultural business people. It is a consistently entangled in the civil war ten hands like Steve appropriate and necessities for people. Due to its conflict in public relations, it is difficult to get international support for the water shortage situation.
Water contamination just a significant cause of water pollution in Nigeria. There are a lot of conflicts between social and political relations due to which it cannot focus on its water improvement programs.
Kenya has a tiny portion of land for agriculture purposes. The country doesn’t have the proper sanitation and water filter systems due to which there are many cases of diseases and illnesses because of water pollution. Also, the country has been in political situations due to which many times, programs were closed and started and never made significant progress.
Only 50% of people have access to safe water. There is a significant increase in child mortality due to unsafe drinking water, and UNICEF has been closely working on water sanitation programs in schools and towns.
Only 70% of the population has access to water, and hence, it falls under water scarcity countries list. Zambia is the fastest-growing population in the African region. There is a substantial amount of commercial overproduction and primary agricultural use due to which it is leading itself to a severe drought situation than ever.
There are severe sanitation issues in Sudan. Almost 50% of the people drink unsafe water, and 70% of the people don’t even have enough access to the sea.
More than 50,000 people succumbed to death due to unclean water. Dehydration is the primary cause of all these deaths that have countries like severe water supply. There is a tremendous amount of water pollution due to oil, gas, and agriculture production.
Angola has an oil well due to which it is attracting international attention. There a continuous conflict between local and political authorities on the demand and the supply of the natural resources majorly the water. Because of this, only 50% of the population has access to the same water.
The country had a recent earthquake. Haiti country has received a lot of international health due to which it has made significant progress in improving its water supply. However, as the countries the epicenter of major natural disasters, there is a massive amount of water pollution that happens daily in Haiti.
Most of the Caribbean region covers the ocean, and it has minimal water resources like lakes and rivers. Approximately 90% of this image water goes untreated into the reverse and makes water pollution.
Qatar is the wealthiest country in the Middle East. However, it doesn’t have many natural water resources, and most of the area is desert. Therefore, it must import a lot of water from outside. Unfortunately, despite its economic wealth, Qatar makes it to the water scarcity countries list.
In Kyrgyzstan, 25% population has a water deficit. However, the government has made significant progress in improving which water shortage in the world and closely working with the World Bank to get funding for the water projects.
The United States of America has closed or abandoned most of its social and political deals with Iran. It has led to facing difficulties in implementing the latest technologies for wastewater treatment. In recent decades Iran has lost 70% of its underground water due to overpopulation, and many areas are getting dry suffering to the drought situation.
Water pollution his major problem in Kazakhstan. A lot of people recently died due to the severe academic of diarrhea then water-related diseases. Almost 30% of the population does not have access to safe drinking water. In many towns, people use unsafe water for drinking purposes and even for cooking food.
It is one of the fastest developing countries; however, still facing water scarcity and water pollution problems. Almost more than 50% of the population lives in highly populated cities like Ulaanbaatar due to which there is a severe amount of water shortage and lack of wastewater treatment plants.
Water irrigation well started in Israel. However, due to the sudden increase in population has led to high production and manufacturing outputs.
It is an estimate that approximately 40% of the population will suffer water shortage by 2030 with currently available groundwater. Bahrain is one of the oil-rich nations; however, due to the lack of its underground water, it has to import the water from outside provinces still.