water and sanitation

Water and Sanitation

Water sanitation is essential to maintain a healthy life. Water sanitation is required to reduce hospitalization and avoid diseases like gastritis. As an example, the Indian health care system has created a separate ministry for water sanitation. Every day more than 10,000 people get skill because of the contaminated water. Diarrhea is one of the leading causes of their improper hygiene of water.

Sources of water contamination:


Rain precipitate on the ground, and it gets mixed with the water chemical present in the soil. The water gets absorbed by underground sources.

Excessive Industrialization:

Many times, water is used for cleaning and washing the mechanical find electrical instruments in big industries gallons of water is used to remove heavy equipment. As a result, after washing industrial machine, water is released into lakes and rivers without proper wastewater treatment.

Dirty Hospitals:

A lot of medical and human waste please is dumped outside the hospitals in an open space, and it requires a lot of water so that it can be washed through. As a result, this water precipices and creates a lot of germs and bacteria, which are very harmful and cause terminal illness even in some cases.

Impacted Farms:

Out of the 80% population in the world belongs to farming, where they harvest the crops each year and use the water for various purposes like tilling soil, cleaning plants, and collecting the plants. Water is also required to wash the cattle and farm animals. In many villages and towns, the public uses water to wash the clothes and utensils and release water in open ponds.

War Zones:

Now and then, some countries are fighting with each other. As a result of this, a lot of refugees must migrate from countries to countries and regions to regions. In a refugee camp, water consumption is 20 liters per day per person, and there are no adequate sanitation systems in these conflict zones. Therefore, a lot of water is released is directly in the open ground and gives birth to harmful viruses.

Natural disasters and calamities:

During events like a tsunami, millions of gallons of open water get inside the land and contaminate the whole region. It is challenging to perform water sanitation and requires a considerable amount of human efforts and costs from many countries. As an example, the 2004 tsunami killed thousands of people and made millions of people homeless hungry and thirsty for many days.


Different countries have different festivals where people need an abundant amount of water at festivals. As an example, in the River of Ganges, plenty amount of water gets contaminated because of the various public festivals and celebration activities.

Effects of water non-sanitation:


Water infection is the primary reason for most of the critical illnesses and diseases. Dengue, typhoid, and Cholera are the result of contaminated water. Approximately more than 20,000 people die every year because of dirty water.

Physical disabilities:

Not taking a Sufficient amount of water causes kidney failures and permanent damage to body organs. In some cases, it also paralyzes the body or deforms the physical structure of the body.

Impacts on the environment:

Because of deforestation lot of rainwater flows any way and disturbs the natural flow of water. Sometimes it leads to situations like flooding.

Impact on the economy:

In many countries, separate budget allocation for sanitation of water of rivers, lakes, and ponds. The budget for healthcare also has to revise these days to include additional funding for water and sanitation.

Tourism effect:

Indonesia suffered the most significant economic crisis due to the tsunami. For almost two years, there was a continuous decrease in tourism and recreational activity.

Polluted Oceans:

The South Indian fisheries business impacted heavily due to the contaminated water that happened because of the many floods and tsunami in the last decade. Polluted oceans ultimately damage the life cycle; hopefully, the ecosystem, and disrupt the food chain.

Impact on Industries:

Contaminated packing, also contaminates the contents inside this packaging. This many times causes food poisoning and leads to mass death.


Everyday water is required to feed to the plants and clean the farming animals. Contaminated water impacts the growth of the plants and causes severe illness to livestock.

Water sanitation benefits:

Balanced ecosystem:

The significant advantage of water sanitation is a balanced ecosystem without affecting the food chain. Consumption using a proper sanitation system is always healthy and keeps the ecology intact.

Healthy body:

Freshwater helps to maintain body immunity and keep away any illness. It is always beneficial to carry a litter of freshwater bottles while traveling.

Boost to Economic:

Clean drinking water is a boost to the economy and wealth of the country. It helps to spend less on water-related issues and conflicts.


The sanitized water irrigation system used for growing plants helps to maintain the nutrition of the plants and improve the growth of the agriculture sector.

Water Research programs:

Many universities have degrees for the clean water and Water sanitation system. By having sanitation subjects available to the students, it creates an awareness among the college graduates to generate more interested and focus on water research.

Safe drinking water: By systematically sanitizing water, we get safe drinking water every day. It additionally balances the supply and demand for water across the globe.

Food economics: Investing budget for water also makes it essential to allocate resources to improve the quality of foods and edible items.

Tourism: Cleaned and safe drinking water reduces fear among travelers and helps to boost the tourism economy of the country.

Fisheries: Water is essential for fishery business, and it cannot serve without clean and sanitized water resources like lakes and rivers. Wastewater treatment plants help to sanitized sewage water so that filtered water routes into rivers after proper wastewater treatment.

Improve GDP: The main parameter for GDP calculation is health care. Clean water helps to keep the country and its citizens disease-free and invest less in health issues. It helps to improve the productivity of the land and boost the GDP.

Population: Drinking sanitized water every day helps to balance the mortality rate and maintain the community of the country at a proper pace. Cleaned water also reduces infant mortality rate as an initial six months are very crucial for newborn babies.

How we can adapt to clean water and sanitation systems:

Training and Awareness: The primary factor in water sanitation is awareness among the non-urban regions, schools, and universities. It is an individual’s responsibility to avoid drinking unsafe water and always carry freshwater. Governments need to provide various training programs to the people in villages and towns on the impact and need for the water sanitation

Budget: The government should allocate enough resources and budget for water sanitation projects and related activities. It is the government’s responsibility to take advantage of water sanitation. Also, the process should be transparent and rapid to face any circumstances that could danger water sanitation.

Behavior change: We should not take the world granted for its natural resources. We should consume only enough amount of water that is required and does not throw away leftover water. Otherwise, it will lead to a higher demand for water than its supply, and people may consume more unhealthy water due to water scarcity.

Hygiene: We should maintain cleanliness and hygiene. Being always unhealthy and unhygienic states will be led to more need for water.

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